A hookup culture is one that accepts and encourages casual sexual encounters, including one-night stands and other related activity, without necessarily including emotional bonding or long-term commitment. Most research on hookups has been focused on American college students, but hookups are not limited to college campuses. The rise of hookups, a form of casual sex , has been described by evolutionary biologist Justin Garcia and others as a "cultural revolution" that had its beginnings in the s. Lisa Wade, a sociologist, documents that 19th century white fraternity men often had what would be called hookup sex with prostitutes, poor women, and the women they had enslaved. The sexual revolution of the s brought a loosening of sexual morals which allowed for sex to become uncoupled from relationships and non-marital sex to become more socially acceptable. According to a review by Garcia, this is "an unprecedented time in the history of human sexuality.
Most predictors among males and females rarely differ. One third of gay and bisexual college men have met an anonymous sexual partner in a public place such as a park, bookstore, or restroom. The trend toward marrying later may be what is fueling the hookup scene on college campuses. Another study was based on a survey of over 18, college students from ages 18— This survey asked questions like how many sexual partners they have had since graduating high school, how many sexual partners per year, and how many times per week they have sex.
Many female college students explained how the "frat boy" perfectly embodies the persona of a sex driven male. Hooking up generally refers to having sex; however, many others indicated that when they say hooking up they are referring to something less than intercourse.
Hook up in college
Kimmel believes that while sexual promiscuity once existed on college campuses alongside more traditional forms of dating, hooking up is now "the alpha and omega of young adult romance.
Freitas has opined that a "hookup is a sexual act that thwarts meaning, purpose, and relationship. More than half of college relationships begin with a hookup, Bogle's research has found. Oftentimes, men and women seem to not be on the "same page. For instance, when a male student was asked if he felt that women looked for different components in a hookup; his response was that most females generally did not lean towards a "one and done" thing.
Sociologist Wade  discusses several scholars who disagree that contemporary college students desire long-term monogamous relationships. She cites Elizabeth Armstrong and Laura Hamilton,  Hanna Rosin,  and Kate Taylor  who posit that hookup culture is good for women as it frees them to focus on their studies and on their professional develop for careers instead of seeking a long term partner or marriage.
Freitas believes the lessons imparted by hookup culture have "set back" students who often have little experience dating, and few skills in asking a romantic partner out as a result. Some studies have found that students, both men and women, overwhelmingly regret their hookups. Other studies found that many college students do not regret their hookup experiences. Wade  interviewed many women and men who were enthusiastic about their hookup experiences.
Vrangalova and Ong's study documented that students who had a stable personality orientation towards casual sex reported a heightened sense of well being after experiencing casual sex.
Some research shows that hook up regret is gendered, with women tending to regret hooking up much more than men do. Regret from hooking up may be linked to negative emotional outcomes, especially in women. According to an article by Steven E. Rhoads, Laura Webber, et al. The American Psychological Association also says that hookups can result in guilt and negative feelings. Students who reported to Freitas that they were profoundly upset about hooking up say the encounters made them feel, among other things, used, miserable, disgusted, and duped.
5 Vital Dos and Don'ts of College Hookups
College students base their sexual ideas and sexual actions within a peer culture. This is where students who are peers are comparing and differing sexual situations in one's own life amongst each other to create a foundation for the current hookup culture. Bogle describes the peer culture at universities as the "sexual arena. This peer culture is not only amongst college students, but it may start to develop around the time puberty starts in middle school for both genders around the age of eleven to fourteen years old.
In general, puberty is a time when sexuality and body awareness becomes a main focus for individuals to formulate this aspect of their identity. Once in college, for most students, the parental aspect is diminished leaving a student feeling a high degree of freedom to truly explore and expand their whole personal identity, strongly including sexual identity in this "sexual arena.
According to Bogle, the campuses her studies were done at had a common trend of college students being strongly interested in every other student's private life. The viewers of this activity process, interpret, and form assumptions about what was observed. These types of sexual activity or public displays of affection could be as meaningless as two individuals romantically speaking to each other in a high capacity location on campus or could be as extreme as two individuals walking into a bedroom together at a party.
This peer culture has evolved and escalated with access to rapid communication such as texting on cell phones and multiple social media applications. Most these social media applications are identity profiles, public thought disposals, and virtual photo albums of oneself, where other's are just a click away from cyber analysis of how that individual displays themselves physically, sexually, psychologically, emotionally, and mentally on the internet.
Bogle states that the knowing of other's personal lives isn't just a purpose to gossip, but a way to observe, analyze, and be impacted by other's sexual actions, solely for the purpose of their own actions. Some studies have made a connection between hookup culture and substance use. About a third of the students who reported engaging in vaginal, anal, or oral sex during a hookup reported being very intoxicated and another third reported being mildly intoxicated.
Studies suggest that the degree of alcoholic intoxication directly correlates with the level of risky behavior. Studies have generally shown that greater alcohol use is associated with more sexual activity in the course of a hookup. At the other end of the spectrum, the greatest alcohol consumption was associated with penetrative sex, and less alcohol consumption with non-penatrative hookups.
Hookup culture on college campuses is intertwined with a broader society. On the other hand, some sociologists have argued that hookup culture is a characteristic of the American college environment and does not reflect broader American youth culture, just as many college graduates stop engaging in hookups when they leave college preferring instead dating or other sexual arrangements.
But evidence exists that young women are propelling it too. Hookup culture also exists outside of the college environment. Location-based geosocial networking smartphone applications, a.
Life course studies indicate that as people grow older and as they subjectively identify as adult, they are less likely to engage in casual sexual behavior. The American Academy of Pediatrics has argued that media representations of sexuality may influence teen sexual behavior,  and this view is supported by a number of studies.
Cable television is filled with reality shows that depict an image of partying and glorified hookups, one of the most well known shows being MTV's Jersey Shore. As the cost of personal computers dropped and online access has increased, Heldman and Wade, along with others, argue that internet pornography has "emerged as a primary influence on young people's, especially men's, attitudes towards sex and their own sexuality.
There are many ideas as to why people think young adults are involved in this hook up culture, such as that they feel like they have to do it to fit in. However, many boys and girls did report that they do hook up with random people in order to find someone they could possibly start something serious with.
There have also been a number of studies that have studied the mental aspects of casual hookups. In a study done by psychologist Seth Schwartz has shown results that say that people who had many random hook ups had more psychological issues. They then came up with results that showed that penetrative sex hook ups made people with greater feelings of depression and loneliness have a decrease in those symptoms and feelings.
For example, a study by Reiber and Garcia in show that a lot of people that engage in sexual hook ups feel uncomfortable. Random hook ups also have shown to cause feelings of pressure and performance anxiety in a study by Paul, et al.
In this research it was demonstrated that the number of sex partners people have nowadays has barely any difference to the number of partners people had twenty to thirty years ago. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Media and American adolescent sexuality. The Myths and Realities of the Hookup Experience".
What does it mean? You're pretty sure this guy lives a good 20 minute walk from your house. Oh, and you have no clue where your shoes are.
Well, I don't have all the answers.
But here's five vital do's and don'ts you, Jake, and your thirsty friends need to know about college hookups. Sleep at his house if you're seriously trashed. There is nothing worse than waking up in a dude's bed and realizing you either: A Pissed the bed. B Puked everywhere, including on him and yourself. C All of the above. Girls aren't supposed to do disgusting things. We are perfect, gross-free goddesses but as soon as you make a dude think otherwise, you're done.
It's still kind of embarrassing if you lose function of your body in your own home: For the rest of your college years, you will be an object of ridicule for him and his friends. Guys will be scared of you. Not to mention you have to awkwardly clean up after yourself. In other words, you have to take the laundry you soiled home to wash. Meaning, you're going to have to see him again.
This interaction will probably be sober and awkward, to say the least. So next time, just play it safe and sleep with him at your place. Don't Linger in the morning. This advice is for all you male and female lingerers out there.
You know who you are, and you need to cut it out. Staying for an unwelcome amount of time after waking up in the morning after a drunk college hookup. Time can range anywhere from fifteen minutes to over an hour. No ladies, Drew from Delta Chi doesn't want to take you to bagels and talk about your intense CrossFit workouts. If he says he's getting up to take a shower, that is your cue to leave. And no gentlemen, she doesn't want you to try and make forced small talk then attempt to have another go at morning sex.
Just get out of there, as fast and smoothly as possible. Everyone who has had a college hookup knows that "Come over for a movie night" is a code for "Come over so we can hook up. That cute, popular sophomore Mark actually didn't want to spend quality time watching Along Came Polly for two fucking hours just to have you kiss him goodbye at the end.Real Gurl Advice: How To Get Better At Hooking Up
He's seen the movie 14 times. He probably also never texted you to hang out after that, huh? So, if you are down to sleep with this guy sober, by all means go over to his house when he asks if you want to have a movie night. If you have no intention of seeing frat boy Chad's naked bod without your booze goggles on, refrain until the weekend.